Weight management and healthy eating are issues that wellness professionals face every day with their clients. However, nutritionists, wellness coaches and personal trainers need to look beyond the meal tray to fully understand the factors that contribute to their client’s situation. Let’s see what a quick internet search brings up on the connection between different lifestyle components and weight management.
Sleep Tight – Eat Right
A commentary published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal showed that “an accumulating body of evidence suggests that sleeping habits should not be overlooked when prescribing a weight-reduction program to a patient with obesity.” In another study, presented at a meeting of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society, researchers showed that not getting enough sleep can affect our resistance and ability to say ‘no’ to unhealthy foods. A review by David G. Davila reminds that even if diet and exercise are critical components of a healthy lifestyle, it’s also important to realize that sleep is inherently linked to how we eat, how we exercise, whether we lose weight, and how we function on a daily basis.
Chronic Stress Triggers a Chain Reaction
An article by Harvard Medical School Health publishing states that ongoing stress and the hormones it unleashes tend to push people toward overeating and reminds that “overeating isn’t the only stress-related behavior that can add pounds. Stressed people lose sleep, exercise less, and drink more alcohol, all of which can contribute to becoming overweight.”
In everyday terms, if we don’t eat well (enough, nutritiously, at regular intervals), it’s harder to stay energetic and cope with the stress that life throws at us, and if we don’t cope well with stress, it affects our sleep. Or from another angle, if our stress level is persistently high, we are more likely to make bad food decisions – skip meals or grab quick ‘comfort foods’ to get a temporary lift. High daytime stress also hurts our ability to sleep well, which keeps the vicious cycle spinning: we will be too tired the next day to stick to a healthy diet.
(Note: This blog will not recommend specific diets or nutritional guidelines but will instead focus on highlighting the importance of a comprehensive coaching approach – looking at the big picture of wellness to help the clients make smart choices.)
Individual Coaching Requires Individual Data
A multidisciplinary approach is routine for most wellness professionals. An understanding of the client’s eating habits is important for a fitness coach to be able to provide meaningful exercise guidelines, just like data about sleep and exercise can be hugely beneficial to a nutrition coach. Firstbeat Life is a heart rate variability -based lifestyle measurement conducted regularly in daily life (all day and all night), allowing the coach to get a peek at what’s going on inside the client’s body: how they are dealing with daily stress, what helps them recover, and how exercise fits into their lifestyle (Figure 1 below). Firstbeat Life is a practical coaching tool to help identify the clients’ challenge areas and strengths before making a plan to improve their nutritional status, lose weight in a sensible way, or improve their overall fitness. The ‘hidden’ information that this type of assessment reveals allows the coach to fine-tune their recommendations towards better health and well-being and track the effect of changes throughout the intervention project. It also shows the client how their behaviors affect their physiology, and they can use that information to make behavioral changes that impact their body and mind in a positive way.
For example, if the measurement shows that it takes the client several hours before they start getting good-quality sleep after going to bed, the initial nutritional focus might be on the types of foods and drinks that should be avoided versus favored in the hours before bed. Or if the result shows problems with the overall stress-recovery balance, it can be used to remind a weight management client that weight loss is significantly harder when we are stressed and tired – and then focus not only on nutritional solutions, but also on practical strategies to reduce stress and improve sleep. Or if the client exercises a lot, at high intensity, making sure that they get enough high-quality calories to sustain performance.
There is no one-size-fits-all prescription for wellness and good health, nor for a healthy diet, but better understanding of the client’s life situation is a good starting point for any coaching relationship. As professionals in different disciplines, we should naturally focus on our core area and skillset yet take advantage of additional technology and multidisciplinary approaches to broaden our expertise and provide the client deeper insights about their wellness status as well as progress towards better health and sustainable lifestyle change.
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